What was the Great Schism?

The Great Schism was a papal feud that had erupted between Avignon and Rome for papal supremacy. Many people do not realize that Avignon, France was the seat of power for the popes. In 1309, Pope Clement V had moved the papacy from Rome to Avignon and the papacy did not return to Rome until…

Details

What were the Crusades?

The Crusades were a series of medieval military expeditions to the Holy Lands of the Bible by several European countries with the intention to recover land and territories from the occupying Muslims. First launched by Pope Urban II in 1096, they lasted off and on for another 250 years, including the tragic Children’s Crusade of…

Details

Who are the patron saints of Britain and Ireland and why?

Country Saint Memorial Day Reason for Sainthood England St. George 23 April Died c.304AD at Lydda, Palestine Scotland St. Andrew 30 November   Wales St. David 1 March   Ireland St. Patrick 17 March Effectively converted Ireland to Christianity In Downpatrick, Ireland check out the Saint Patrick Centre which chronicles his extraordinary life story. See…

Details

What countries in Europe permit euthanasia?

In April of 2002, the Netherlands became the first country in Europe to legally sanction euthanasia, shortly followed by Belgium in September 2002. While it is still a massive subject of debate with many complicated moral dilemmas raging as we speak, the principle issues affecting its legality involve what is referred to as active euthanasia…

Details

Which countries recycle the most?

Country Percent Rate (Year) Switzerland 52% (1998) Germany 50% (2000) Austria 49.7% (2000) Netherlands 46% (1998) Norway 40% (2000) United States 31.5% (1998) Spain 20% (1997) France 14% (1995) Italy 13% (1997) England 12% (00/01) Scotland 6.9% (00/01) Northern Ireland 5% (98/99) Wales 4.7% (98/99) Courtesy of The Guardian- July 12,2002 (a UK daily newspaper)

Details

Who has the Most Dangerous Roads?

Mention Brenner Pass, Czech & Portuguese 2-lane roads, etc. Deaths per 100,000 Registered Vehicles in 1999   Country   Country    Turkey 84.1  Italy 17.9  Romania (1997-survey) 98.6  Finland 17.9  Poland 74.0  Germany 16.0  Portugal 44.7  Netherlands 15.8  Belgium 29.3  Switzerland 15.4  Spain 25.8  Norway 14.2  France 25.6  Sweden 13.4  Austria 24.8  United Kingdom 11.1…

Details

What year did each country finally permit women vote?

Finland was the first country in Europe to grant women suffrage rights. Verify Portugal-1976, Hungary -1953, Bulgaria-1947, Romania-1946, Liechtenstein-1984, and Monaco-1962 Liechtenstein 1986 Netherlands 1919 Switzerland 1971 Belgium 1919 Bulgaria 1947 Poland 1918 Yugoslavia 1945 West Germany 1918 Italy 1945 Austria 1918 France 1944 U.S.S.R. 1917 Spain 1931 Denmark 1915 Sweden 1919 Norway 1913 Ireland…

Details

Who are the Europe’s current leaders?

Country Chief of State (excluding monarchs) Address Austria Chancellor Wolfgang Schuessel   Belgium PM Guy Verhofstadt   Britain PM Tony Blair #10 Downing Street, London Denmark PM Anders Fogh Rasmussen   Finland President Tarja Halonen   France President Jacques Chirac Elysee Palace in Paris Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroder Chancellor’s Building opposite the Reichstag in Berlin…

Details

Who has the highest VAT taxes?

VAT is simply the acronym for “Value Added Tax” which is a sales tax in effect throughout the EU. However, rates can and do vary widely with each member state. Reduced/Essential Goods are defined as items like food, Luxury Items would fall under another category and include things like cars, Country (EU) Essential Goods %…

Details

What and where are the major stock market indexes for each country?

  Country (City/Exchange) Index Relative Value Website Austia (Vienna) ATX Index 1,286.1 www.wbag.at Belgium (Brussels) BEL-20 Index 2,146.7 www.stockexchange.be Britain (London) FTSE 100 Index 4,989.1 www.londonstockexchange.com Denmark (Copenhagen) KFX Index 214.4 www.xcse.dk Finland (Helsinki) HEX Gen. Index 5145.91 www.hex.fi France (Paris) CAC 40 Index 4,079.5 www.bourse-de-paris.fr   SBF 250 Index 2,728.9 — Germany (Frankfurt) Xetra…

Details

Which countries still use nuclear power?

There are only four EU countries that refuse to use nuclear power: Austria, Italy, Portugal, and the Republic of Ireland. However it must be said these same countries may at times purchase energy created by nuclear plants from the grid. Also, many countries now refuse to continue using currently existing reactors or build any future…

Details

What is the story behind the Red Cross?

Started by Henri Dunant in xxx after his alarm at witnessing troops senselessly dying from lack of adequate field treatment, revolting medical conditions, and preventable infections along the Italian Austrian fronts in xxx. Should you happen to be touring in Geneva, Switzerland don’t miss the state of the art museum located just across the street…

Details

Who permits the most asylum seekers/refugees?

This has been one of the biggest political debates in recent years, especially in places like Britain where controls and processing systems in place are ridiculously inadequate, plagued by inefficient bureaucracy and poor management. This in effect has managed to overwhelm most immigration authorities who often have little or no control and successful monitor immigrant…

Details

Who spends the most money on their military?

This following is a breakdown of how the nations within NATO actually relate to eachother in terms of both defense spending and gross domestic product. More importantly, it also indicates the massive rift in how the European nations view defense spending and allocate their money accordingly. For example, even if all the European countries were…

Details

What are the Top 5 Most Recommended Historical Attractions in Europe?

The Alhambra in Granada-See www.alhambra-patronato.es-Official Site. For tickets see www.alhambratickets.com or call +34 902 441 221 for  the info hotline or +34 902 224 460 to book tickets and have credit card details, # of tix, and specify either the am/pm visit (suggest am). Checkpoint Charlie Museum in Berlin. See www.mauer-museum.com The Forum and Palatine…

Details

Where are history’s most famous people buried?

European graveyards are full of really cool historical figures if you’re into being a “Tombstone Tourist”. They’re also an entertaining alternative to visiting another museum or church. Depending on who you’re interested in, a great place to start your search is or get general info on someone deceased (or even locating a dead family member…

Details