What are the oldest universities in Europe?

There’s a lot of debate over when exactly some schools such as Oxford put their sign out front indicating they were open for business, but generally it recognized that some form of teaching was occurring at each site by the following dates. Top 10 Oldest Universites Name Year  1-Bologna 1088  2-Paris 1150  3-Oxford 1167  4-Salerno…

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Who are terrorist groups like the IRA or ETA and what do they want?

As the global threat of terrorism becomes more outstanding, many people are curious about certain longstanding terrorist organizations which exist within Europe. The main ones include the: Irish Republican Army (IRA)-those of you only familiar with the U2 song “Bloody Sunday” should also note Bloody Friday (July 21,1972 in Belfast), when 9 people died, hundreds…

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How many Jews were there before WWII versus today?

  Country Before WWII Today Austria   10,000 Belgium 65,000 (by 1939) 42,000 Czechoslovakia     Denmark 7,500 6,500 Finland     France     Hungary     Germany 500,000 in 1933 (239,000 by 1939) 60,000 Greece     Italy     Luxembourg     Netherlands     Norway     Romania     Russia…

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Where exactly in Berlin did Hitler commit suicide?

Whatever happened to these guys is a common question by curious passengers. Adolph Hitler was born in 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria. Father died in 1903. Joined military during WW1, with mediocre finishing rank of corporal, watercolorist denied twice entry into the Vienna Institute of Art. Led a failed Nazi uprising against Bavarian government…

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Who were the Biggest Tyrants (Bastards) of Europe?

  Name Country Personal Info (birth/death) What they did Hitler Germany   A mediocre soldier and a failed artist who rose to Nazi power… Mussolini Italy     Franco Spain   During his 40 years of ruthless dictatorship, about 35,000 people were killed either without trial or after a quick, meaningless court martial.   Stalin…

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What are some important Sites for Foreigners?

Australians/New Zealanders-Gallipoli in Turkey/Anzac Day Canadians-Vimy Ridge/Yrpes Monument; D-day beaches in Normandy Americans D-day Beaches of Normandy Official Web Site of American Battle Monuments Commission abmc.gov/no/htm The American Cemetery in Laurent, Normandy covering 172 acres and contains the graves of 9,386 American soldiers. Gravesites are marked with white Carrera marble headstones. See gofrance.about.com or www.normandy.eb.com/…

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What were some of the more important Treaties?

The Edict of Milan- In 313, Constantine converted the Roman empire to Christianity Treaty of Versailles-broke up German and Austrian holdings after WW1 Dayton Accord dividing Bosnia/Hercegovina Treaty of Maastricht (1992) established the framework for the European Economic Union. See Chap. 1 for details of the EEC. The Treaty of Utrecht which gave Gibralter to…

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Where are the more important War Museums of Europe?

Imperial War Museum in London. See iwm.org.uk In Normandy see the following: The Museum of War and Liberation-exhibits on the Allied Landings and the resultant liberation of the city of Cherbourg. Location: Fort du Roule, Cherbourg The Musee Memoriale de la Bataille de Normandie. Location: 44 Blvd. Fabian Ware, Bayeaux

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In their heyday, what countries did they own or control?

List Africa, South America, Central America, Asia The Great Imperialists Country Colonial Possessions or Protectorates British Br. South Africa-1910, Egypt-1914; Rhodesia-1889, Kenya-1888, India, Bermuda, Belize, Jamaica, Barbados, Nigeria-1886; Gold Coast-1821; Sierra Leone-1808; British Somalia-1884; Burma (1824-1886) Australia- ; New Zealand- French Morocco-1912, Algeria-1830; Congo-1887, Madagascar-1896, Ivory Coast-1843; Cameroon-1884; Indo-China (1862-1895) Caribean countries?- Portuguese Angola-1905, Mozambique-,…

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Who were the most famous European explorers?

Columbus sailed from Palos de la Frontera in 1492 body is inside Cathedral in Seville (supposedly) Marco Polo from Venice Sir Francis Drake Thomas Cook Ferdinand Magellan Vasco de Gama Hernando Cortes Leif Ericson-“the man who almost changed the world” actually discovered the New World 500 years before Columbus in 1001 AD. Sailing in their…

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Important Historical Concepts-What was the:

Magna Carta–Signed by King John at Runnymede in 1215, the original Latin text outlined basic civil liberties and rights guaranteed to all free men of Great Britain at that time and became one of the earliest precursors to later charters such as the British Bill of Rights of 1689 and the US Bill of Rights…

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What does S.P.Q.R stand for in Rome?

This acronym is found written on virtually everything from sewer covers to building pediments in Rome and signifies the solidarity of the people as a whole. The actual acronym itself stands for “Senatus Populus Que Romanorum” and …..

Who were the principal Greek and Roman Gods?

While most of these “pagan” gods were inseparable from daily life throughout the ages, much of their popularity diminished after Constantine converted the Roman Empire to Christianity in the 3rd century. Greek Roman Description of Deity Adonis NA Handsome youth loved by Aphrodite; symbol of the death of nature during autumn and its rebirth in…

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What were the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages?

Now we are getting into tricky territory. Considerable amounts of subjective opinion has created dozens of potential wonders of the “middle” ages, add to that the seven wonders of the “modern” ages, and let us not forget the seven “natural” wonders of the world. None of these are official however, and aside from being confusing,…

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What were the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World?

This famous list of the seven most spectacular sights on earth was first referenced by Herodotus around 440 BC, then Callimachus of Cyrene(305-240 BC), and then again by Antipater of Sidon and Philon, a Byzantine mathematician and traveler who wrote the widely circulated account entitled, De Septum Orbis Spectaculis (or The Seven Wonders of the…

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Where are the best beaches in Europe?

The best beaches in Europe should not be confused with the most famous or popular. Beaches in Europe vary widely and can be composed of anything from sand, pebble, stones, or even rock. Mention rocks in Italy/Stones in Riviera/sand otherwise/: Riviera: Antibes, Villefrance or Beaulieu, Menton, Larvotto Beach in Monaco, Biarritz, Spain:San Sebastian’s La Concha;…

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Where are some of the best Gardens of Europe located?

Tivoli in Copenhagen, Denmark-this landmark dating back to 1843 boasts over 20 acres and 160,000 flowers located in the center of town and skillfully mixes together its landscaping with an amusement park complete with a Ferris wheel. See www.tivoligardens.com The Keukenhof is in between the towns of Hillegom and Lisse in the Netherlands. This 32…

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